Cyber Law is an evolving subset of law which deals with different sorts of legal issues related to the internet. Internet and Information Technology plays a vital role in the day-to-day lives of people all over the world. As the internet is reaching more and more remote places and providing connectivity to new communities with the rest of the world, there’s has also been a sharp rise in the number of internet related crimes.
Some of the most common cyber crimes committed are bank and credit card fraud, hacking into database or personal accounts, cyber terrorism, malware or virus attack, identity theft, defamation, DOS attack, IPR violations, blackmail and extortion, etc. Lawyers with a specialization in Cyber Law also deal in issues related to cybercrime is not the end, as they also have to deal with issues concerning online privacy, free speech, freedom of expression, etc. A Cyber Law lawyer are required to examine different facts and findings and advocate the case for the client.
Also, Cyber crime related cases are not the only workspace for a Cyber Law lawyer. Other major areas which require a Cyber Law expert are e-commerce, e-governance, software patenting and online contracts.
Students who want to pursue a career in Cyber Law can start off right after passing their higher secondary examination by enrolling in an integrated law course at the undergraduate level with specialization in Cyber Law. Alternatively students who have completed their LLB course can also apply for LLM in Cyber Law at the postgraduate level. Apart from the above options, students can also pursue a diploma or a certification course in Cyber Law.
When it comes to job prospects, Cyber Law has a lot to offer both in India and abroad. Most countries around the world are witnessing a huge spike in the usage of internet and due to this reason the scope in Cyber Law has been on the rise over the past decade and this trend is expected to continue in the future too.
Both small and large organisations hire Cyber Law experts to get expert review on legal issues and legal advice on different issues. Apart from working for an organisation or an individual, many Cyber Law lawyers are also self-employed and provide their services to different entities for a short period of time. Experienced Cyber Law lawyers can also get job offers to work in law enforcement agencies.
Cyber Law is vast field with different job opportunities like working in an IT company to working with law enforcement. Hence, there are many different job profiles available in this field and the main job profiles of Cyber Law are mentioned below.
Lawyer – Cyber Law lawyer represent their client, whether an individual or a company, in court on cyber issues. Some of the key skills for this job are having an eye for details, ability to argue on case related topics, good presentation skills, fluency in speaking, etc.
Legal Advisor – Legal Advisor offer counselling to their client on legal rights and obligations. They research on different laws which can be applicable to a certain case and also go through similar case judgements to work on the case in hand. Key skills for this field are having an eye for detail, keen interest in technology, good writing skills, research oriented mindset, etc.
Security Auditor – Security Auditor work on planning and executing security audit of different organisations. Apart from this, they also work on evaluating the financial information and security data of organisations.
The top countries for working as a Cyber Law lawyer are:
- United States of America
Some of the top law firms hiring Cyber Law lawyers in India as well as abroad are:
- Nishith Desai Associates
- Morrison & Foerster LLP
- AZB & Partners
- Covington & Burling LLP
- Cyril AmarchandMangaldas
- DLA Piper
- Baker & Hostetler LLP
- Kochhar & Co.
In India, Cyber Law experts can earn anywhere between INR 3-8 lpa at entry-level. Increment and promotion in this field depends on one’s skills and work experience and hence the salary can increase sharply over the course of time.
In the USA, an entry level Cyber Law expert can expect a salary of $45,000-75,000 per annum. After having experience working, they can get a salary of more than $100,000 per annum very easily.